Hemorrhoids, often called piles, are swollen or inflamed veins in the anus or lower rectum. They may result from straining during a bowel movement, or from pressure created on the veins during pregnancy. Hemorrhoids can be located inside the rectum (internal hemorrhoids), or they can develop under the skin around the anus (external hemorrhoids). Hemorrhoids are a common ailment which most people face at some point or points in their lifetime.
- Pain or bleeding during bowel movements
- Itching or irritation surrounding the anus
- Pain or discomfort
- Lump or lumps near anus
Often times for hemorrhoids, treatment simply consists of lifestyle changes. Although, if the case becomes severe it could warrant medication or occasionally, surgery. If hemorrhoid pain is only mild, your doctor may recommend over-the-counter creams, ointments, or suppositories. For cases when a blood clot has formed within an external hemorrhoid, your doctor can remove the clot with a simple incision. If the hemorrhoid pain is severe there are a few surgical routes that can be taken.